IUCN SSC Mid-Atlantic Island Invertebrates Specialist Group


BackHipparchia gomera Higgins, 1967

Hipparchia gomera Higgins, 1967

Gomera Grayling

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Insecta
  • Order: Coleoptera
  • Family: Nymphalidae
LC Least Concern
IUCN Red List Status:

Countries of Occurrence:
Spain - Canaries


van Swaay, C., Wynhoff, I., Verovnik, R., Wiemers, M., López Munguira, M., Maes, D., Sasic, M., Verstrael, T., Warren, M. & Settele, J.

Lewis, O. (Butterfly RLA) & Cuttelod, A. (IUCN Red List Unit)


Facilitators / Compilers/s:

Assessment Rationale:

Although this species occurs in a small extent of occurrence (EOO) and area of occupancy (AOO), it is not declining by more than 30% nor shows extreme fluctuations according to Russell et al. (2007). Therefore it is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range:

Restricted to the Canary Island Gomera. 200-400 m. This is a European endemic species.

Spain - Canaries
Extent of Occurrence (EOO):
Area of Occupancy (AOO):
Elevation Lower Limit:
Elevation Upper Limit:
Biogeographic Realms:
Endemic Canaries


A local species, restricted to (semi-) natural areas on Gomera, Canary Islands.

Habitat and Ecology

This Grayling is confined to one of the Canary Islands, Gomera. There, it can be found on the steep and grassy cliffs and on rocky gullies and slopes, mostly where there is also some bushy vegetation or laurel forest at close range. It has one generation a year (Tolman and Lewington 2008). Detailed habitat descriptions are not available.

Major Threat(s):

Although this is a European endemic with a restricted range, this species is not believed to face major threats at the European level.

Conservation Actions

No specific conservation actions are needed at a European level. But since it has a restricted global range, its distribution and trend should be monitored closely, for example by a Butterfly Monitoring Scheme.