Countries of Occurrence:
Portugal - Madeira
Henriques, S. & Russell, N.
Facilitators / Compilers/s:
Turinyphia maderiana is endemic to Madeira Island, Portugal. This species has a restricted geographic range with a maximum estimate of extent of occurrence (EOO) and area of occupancy (AOO) of 700 km². However, Turinyphia maderiana is assessed as Least Concern (LC), since the preferred habitat of the species, humid laurisilva forest, is not experiencing any decline in area or quality and the population is therefore assumed to be stable. A monitoring of population trends should be conducted to confirm species status.
Turinyphia maderiana is known throughout the laurisilva forest that occupies about 20% of the island of Madeira (Portugal), mainly on its steep and humid northern slopes. Multiple collection sites are recorded for the species, mostly recent (Schenkel 1938, Denis 1962, Wunderlich 1987, Crespo et al. 2014). It was possible to perform species distribution modelling to predict its potential range with confidence limits (Cardoso et al. 2017). The extent of occurrence (EOO) is estimated to be between 181-700 km² and the area of occupancy (AOO) to be between 172-700 km².
No population size estimates exist, but the population is assumed to be stable, since the preferred habitat of the species is not experiencing a decline in area and the invasive species present seem not to affect the spider population.
Turinyphia maderiana is restricted to the humid laurisilva forest on the northern slopes of Madeira Island. This species is a sheet-web builder at different vegetation levels feeding mainly on small insects.
There are no known threats to the species.
No specific conservation measures are in place for this species, but all of the species range is inside the Madeira Natural Park. Monitoring of population trends should be conducted to confirm species status.